Vermiculture isn’t a new technique – it’s a century-old method whereby you cultivate earthworms to make compost. Well, to be more specific, the compost you end up with doesn’t consist of the worms, but just their excretions, otherwise known as castings. Earthworms have the capacity to consume food that is nearly half their body weight each day. The digestive process releases the excretions that now become the compost which is rich in nutrients.
Simple yet Effective
The method has been a darling of many a home owner for long because of its simplicity and effectiveness. The high level of nutrients makes this compost ideal for growing plants in your garden and you will soon see the plants growing faster and more robust. You also end up with fewer garden pests due to the pest-deterring nature of vermicompost.
This compost is ideal as well because it is cheaper than commercial fertilizer and isn’t toxic, which can’t be said of most commercial fertilizers.
Odor Becomes History
Most people shy away from generating compost because it ends up producing odor and attracts flies. Compared to manure that stinks, vermicompost is odorless.
The turnaround time for vermicompost is faster than the other types of compost. For instance, compost from lawn clippings and trimmings can take ages to mature.
You can feed kitchen waste from the kitchen to these worms, eliminating the need for a separate compost bin. You also get to save on labor because the worms do everything. If you have ever made manure using another process, you know that you have to turn the components manually to maintain a high internal temperature.
What Do You Need?
The process is inexpensive, because you need a few items and you are good to go. First of all and of utmost importance, you need a good bin to hold the worms. A plastic or wooden bin can work for you.
The size of this bin should be dependent on your needs and how comfortable the bin can be lifted once it is full of the compost. The container should have several holes that are strategically drilled in the bin. The holes will also drain excess moisture and for aeration.
Placement is also a big factor when it comes to successful compositing. If you live in the city and you have placed the container in a garage or a basement, make sure to place it on blocks or bricks to drain excess moisture. This prevents the mixture from becoming too mucky and wet, which is not good for proper compositing.
The bin should come with a lid. The lid will give the worms a dark environment for them to work in. if you are compositing outside, make sure the lid is made of waterproof and durable material.
Vermiculture is one of the best ways to create compost quickly and safely. It involves the use of worms that generate the compost. Make sure you have the right items for successful vermicomposting and ensure proper placement to prevent buildup of moisture in the bin.